Kennedy, B., Paeratakul, S., Champagne, C. M., Ryan, D. H., Harsha, D. W., McGee, B., Johnson, G., Deyhim, F., Forsythe, W., & Bogle, M. L. (2005). A pilot church-based weight loss program for African-American adults using church members as health educators: A comparison of individual and group intervention. Ethnicity and Disease, 15, 373-378.
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About the Study
The intervention was pilot-tested with a convenience sample of 40 African American members (37 women, 3 men) of a church in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The pilot test did not include a no-treatment comparison condition. Investigators recruited health educators and participants using flyers, posters, and personal communication with church leaders. Each of the lay health educators received a stipend for implementing the program throughout the 6-month period while participants each received a $100 incentive for participating in the study. Results of the study showed that 6 months after enrollment:
- Results did not differ significantly between the individual and group conditions.
- Participants lost an average of 3.3 kilograms.
- Participants lost an average of 0.5 percent of body fat.
- Participants in both groups decreased physical inactivity and reported both positive and negative changes in quality of life, but the changes between baseline and 6 months post-enrollment were not statistically significant.
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